Imports for the year jumped 16% to USD1.8 trillion, while exports rose 7.9% to almost USD2.3 trillion, the General Administration of Customs said.
The Belt and Road has expanded China's markets, and trade with countries in Latin America and Africa grew by 22 percent and 17.3 percent, respectively, last year.
China's exports for the full year rose 7.9 percent, the fastest rate since 2013, while imports gained 15.9 percent, the best since 2011.
The surplus with the United States set a record at $275 billion while imports from North Korea slumped by 81 per cent. Demand for commodities continues to rise with new records set for crude oil and iron ore imports.More news: Oprah for President? The Stars React, and Stedman Drops a Clue
"The overall global environment will continue to be very supportive in terms of global demand for a second consecutive year, and that's going to support China's exports sector", Grace Ng, a China economist at JPMorgan in Hong Kong, said in a Bloomberg Television interview.
Last month's arrivals of unwrought copper, which includes anode, refined, and semi-finished copper products stood at 450,000 tonnes, according to Reuters calculations based on customs data released on Friday.
Trump will have opportunities to impose tariffs on a range of Chinese goods.
Despite the strong year, moment is likely to wane, with surveys showing falling confidence and new orders in December.More news: Two Palestinian teenagers killed by Israeli troops
He estimated that imports declined by the biggest margin in nearly two years in volume terms in December as purchases of industrial commodities plummeted.
By that data, last year's surplus is a record high, the wire service reported.
China and many trade-dependent countries have benefited from a year-long global exports boom that many economists expect will extend well into this year.
The administration of U.S. President Donald Trump welcomed signs that China, North Korea's main economic partner, was "sharply reducing" trade with its neighbor.More news: Can Tom Brady Escape His Struggles-and Other Key NFL Playoff Questions
The "continued strength of China's exports to the U.S.is bound to add to U.S".